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—Grammar occupies a prominent place in any spoken language. In fact,
grammar provides and sets the rules which govern linguistic behavior
of native speakers. Grammar serves as a compass to navigate language
trouble waters, should a non-native wants to speak a new language, it
behooves on him or (her) to learn the rules and principles guiding
such a language; Yoruba is no exception. Linguists have identified
three categories of human language: language form, language meaning
and language in context.

Under the language form, grammar comes first with the (eight parts of
speech), followed by Morphology (the formation and composition of
words; this has been explained) then, Syntax-(formation and
composition of phrases/sentences from the words), and finally,
Phonology (the sound systems, also explained) which consists of
phonetics (the actual properties of speech sound and also non speech-
which helps in the pronuciation of words and their perceptions. The
eight parts of speech are:

   Noun
   Pronoun
   Verb
   Adverb
   Adjective
   Conjunction
   Preposition
   Interjection or Exclamation


Table 7: The Nouns

Common Noun    Proper Noun    Collective Noun    Abstract

Yoruba


English


Yoruba


English


Yoruba


English


Yoruba


English

ile


house


Ile-If?


London


Eesu


Swarm of Bee


Ìf?


Love

ilu


town


Nigeria


England


?gb?r??


Flock of Sheep


Aanu


Kindness

Ile-Iwe


School


Fasola


Blaire


Eesu


Colony of Ants


Ikorira


Hatred/Ha-te

Odo


River


Abayomi


James


?w?-?led?


Drove of Pig


Ayo


Happiness

Omi


Water


Odo-?ya


River Niger


Apap?  Eso


Pod of Fruit


Idunnu


Joy

Okun


Sea


Okun-Pupa


Red Sea


?w?- ?ran


Pack of Hound


?tan


Lie

?m?dekunrin


Boy


Ogoro-?hin


Spinal Cord


?m?-Ogun/?w?-Ogun


Troop


Ow?


Envy

Adugbo


Street


January


Abuja


Akoj?-Eniyan


Team


Alaafia


Peace

Il?


Land


Awol?w?


Washington


Agbo-Kiniun


Pride of Lion


Igbagb?


Faith

Popo-Maros?


Highway/Express-way


?y?-Alaafin


New-York


Agbo-O?ere


Troupe

of Dancers


Ojuko-

koro


Greed

Ina


Fire


Ina-Shango


Fire-Light


?w?-?ja


School of Fish


Igberaga


Pride

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