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The Tiv people are ethno-linguistic groups occupying the middle belt region of Nigeria and fourth largest Ethnic group. They have a rich history associated with their existence. The culture and tradition of the Tiv people is one that is envied by many who come in contact with them, comprising of states such As Benue, Taraba, Nassarawa and Plateau. They can also be found in Cameroun. They are predominantly Christians although Islam is also practiced among them. They are great farmers producing crops such as yam, cassava, maize, melon
There are four ways marriage is conceived in Tiv land;
Mariage by exchange (yamshe): a man who needed a wife located another man who had the same need. They then exchanged their sisters or daughters as wives
Marriage by capture (kwase-ngohol): A married woman is forcefully snatched from her husband. This was rampant during the early Tiv migration and it was responsible for majority of the inter-clan wars. Western culture has however eroded this idea
Marriage by Purchase (kwase u sha uikya): a woman was “bought as a slave and then married.
Marriage by bride price: This is the marriage currently been practiced in Tivland. The man would continuously send gifts to the girl and her family. When the girl’s family is satisfied with his gifts, he is then informed on come and pay the bride price for the girl.
Music is part of the culture of the Tiv people. They have being able to advance a form of communication that blends music intricately with it. This communication promotes the use of various traditional musical instruments such as;
Kakaki: An instrument which is used to pass important messages to the community. This message could be the crowning of the King, the birth of the King’s son, the marriage of the King’s son or during an attack by opposing community. Members of the community are told to gather at the village square.
Ilyu: This is an instrument made of light wooden material which is also used to gather elders for a meeting with the King. It is also used to announce the death of someone in the community.
Indyer: This is a special musical instrument made from mahogany trunk. It is used during festivals such as the Yam Festival to pass information as regards the festival to the people. It is also used to announce the success of a good harvest year.
Gbande: This is a large musical instrument played by young men of the community during festival. The gbande produces strong rhythms when played and it beats carry with it messages to the people. It is significant during occasion like coronation and death of the King.
Adiguve: This instrument resembles the violin and it is one of the popular musical instruments used by the Tiv people. During festival, the Adiguve is played to the admiration of all. It is also symbolic during the death of an elder in the community.
Tiv Dressing Code
The anga is Tiv most popular form of attire. It is made up of white and black stripes woven together to form a beautiful design. There is Tugudu which is used strictly for burying dead ones. The women of Tiv like to put on a special fabric known as Ivvavtyo which is worn during important occasions. Other fabrics used by the Tiv people are Lishi, Gbev-whaa, Godo, Gurugu, Chado, Deremen and Gbagir.
Burial in TIV Land
The Tiv people attach great significance to the burial of their loved ones. On the day of the burial, the corpse would be washed by elderly woman and wrapped in Anger, Tugudu or Gbagir attire, usually the dead is buried within 24 hours and no coffin is used.

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