Omoku is a town in Rivers State, Nigeria with a population of about 32,000 people. It Is located in the northern part of the state, near the boundary with Delta State and Imo State. It is the capital of the Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area.
Current king is HRH EZE CHUKWUMELA NNAM OBI 2
all the kindred and villages r been presented by a chosen one frm each kindred which makes up his cabinet
they do observe or celebrate two festival called NCHAKA & OKUROSO (masquerade) festivals; the nchaka festival is celebrated once a year late November or early December
while the okuroso is celebrated btw January and February every year. Other cultural festivals celebrated by them are Igba-Ogwe, Ebiam, Egwi-Iji Onube, and Egwu-Ohali.
It is believed that the giant economic, political, and social strides of both China and Japan are rooted in their culture. Ogba kingdom, being the highest oil and gas bearing area in the country,
The area has produced prominent sons and daughters, which included Hon. (Chief Victor Igwe Masi (Former Minister for Finance – Nigeria), Senator F. J. Ellah, Chief C. D. Orike, Dr. Peter Odili (former Governor of Rivers State, Nigeria),Chief Ifeanyi Odili (the Onwa of Ndoni), among others. Mbama Mike Okiro, the Agunechemba I of Egbema, was Nigeria’s first ethnic Igbo to assume the post of police Inspector General
The kingdom was made up of four quarters in the past, namely Obakata, Obosi, Usomini, Obieti (the largest quarter), and of recent the emergence of a fifth quarter, known as Obohia (Bush quarters).
Egwu Ogba or Nchaka, is a 4-day festival within Omoku and its environs, which seeks to achieve amongst all, the cleansing of the entire Omoku town from both evil spirits and evil mortals, who reside in the town, unification of family members from both far and near, appreciation of the gods for the planting and harvesting seasons, display of mystical powers, skills and strength by participants, exhibition of supreme rulership of the Oba of Ogba land over his subject, through his significant role, as well as transformation of Omoku town into a tourism destination, where tourists from all walks of life visit on annual basis.
The Egwu Oba or Nchaka festival just like most African festivals, gives room for consultation, proclamation and preparation, where it is expected that elders and chiefs from Umu-ebe, descendants of the first Oba, as well as Umu-eze-Ogba royal kindred, from all towns and villages in Ogba, will converge at the hall of the Oba’s palace to fix a date for the Nchaka festival, which is normally the last week of November. Such fixed date will be passed to the Oba divisional Council of Chiefs and traditional rulers for ratification before a proclamation by the Oba of Ogba land through his town criers, who uses a metal gong (i.e ukela), to intimate the public on the forthcoming festival. It comes during the notable market days of Orie (small market) and Nkwo (big market day). This act of intimation affords all expected participants, including those resident in the plantation, the opportunity to prepare for the d-day. After the intimation comes the four days of Egwu Ogba festival.
On the first day, during the afternoon hours, women from each family, adorned with casual wrappers and simple blouse and on bare foot, are led by the eldest woman in each family. She dresses in Akwete cloth from her shoulders to her waist as a mark of seniority and leadership role, and holding a burning firewood in her right hand as they embark on a procession to the Arena or square of the four aforementioned quarters in Omoku. The procession is marked with enhancement, incantation, dancing, clapping of hands and striking of metal gongs (ukela), without other traditional musical instrument set up at the arenas. The women in turns invoke their ancestral spirits that are identified with the festival, to cleanse the town and do away with evildoers. This cleansing process prohibits the torch bearers light from going off, because it signals bad omen, with the bearer considered as an evil person and stigmatized for life. The spiritual cleansing, which is characterized with prolonged enchantment and rebuking of unwanted captains of the evil world, thereafter terminates at “Mini Omoku” (Omoku Rivers), a tributary of Orashi River. Here, each of the four quarters take possession of separate major river point that will accommodate them, where they carry out the final incantations, to send out evil spirit from the land, after which each oldest woman from each family, throws the burning firewood into the river, which signifies a send forth or passing away of all perpetrators of evil in Ogba town.
The prepared food is thereafter taken to the house of the eldest male of each family, here all the family members gather to eat, with the women separated from the men. After eating and drinking, all family members retire to their various homes, paving the way for another two elaborate days of merriment, which calls for eating of special dishes such as pounded yam and native soup.
Climaxing into the morning of the fourth day, the men and youth after the night celebration, converge at the four squares, with women, children and tourist as spectators. Their assembling provokes a lot of attention, where on individual or group bases, men and youths possessing the ogy, at various interval strike it on the ground, saying tua njoli (evil leave the land), as well as display with metal gongs, ornaments, rattle nuts, without any central traditional musical instrument for formal display. This captivating day which marks the end of the festival, is also characterized by those who possess spiritual powers and magical skill, who use such avenues to test their mystical powers, while challenging those with same. This show of power continues until the arrival of the Oba of Ogba land, in the early hours of the morning, to perform the spiritual blessing of his subjects at ahia Orie square, situated in Obieti quarter (big quarter), resulting into mass exodus from the other three quarters, with a view to catching a glimpse of the Oba of Ogba land, as well as to share in the blessing. This exercise of oral proclamations is aimed at, eradicating all associates of evil in Ogba land, which is synonymous with the actions and oral expressions of the participating men and women of Ogba origin. This then marks the end of the Nchaka festival.
Nchaka or Egwu Ogba festival is a reminder of the ancient traditional celebration of the Ogba people, associated with agricultural fertility and cleansing, and as such is regarded as the most elevated celebration in the land and must not be allowed to go extinct, but rather documented and preserved for the future generation. And fortunately, in spite of the poor participation experienced these days due to modernization, Christianity and youth restiveness, the festival still subsists.
Oil companies which operate there include SPDC , TOTAL and NAOC . The city’s infrastructure has been improved with the construction of dual carriageway roads, a power generation plant and banks. The town host the Omoku Generation Company Limited