The Sekere (traditional percussion instrument) - originated from Oyo
Oyo is a city in Oyo State, Nigeria, founded as the capital of the Oyo Kingdom in the 1830s and known to its people as ‘New Oyo’ (?y? Atiba) to distinguish it from the former capital to the north, ‘Old Oyo’ (?y?-Ile), which had been deserted as a result of rumors of war. Its inhabitants are mostly of the Yoruba people, and its ceremonial ruler is the Alaafin of Oyo.
The major market in the city is Akeesan market, also called Oja Oba (King’s market) due to its close proximity to the Alaafin’s Palace, which is opened on a daily basis unlike the other marketplaces, such as Ajegunle market, which is opened for a five-day interval, and Sabo market (five days).
‘Oyo town’, as it is fondly called, is known for the high educational pedigree of the old St Andrew’s College, Oyo (SACO), which was one of the first higher institutions in Nigeria. It is home to many secondary schools, including the famous Olivet Baptist High School and Federal Government Girls College, and a few tertiary institutions such as Federal College of Education (Special), Federal School of Survey, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, and a private owned university by the Anglican Communion of Nigeria, Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo (ACU)
The city has three LGAs viz: Atiba LGA, headquartered at Offa-Meta; Oyo East LGA, headquartered at Kosobo; and Oyo West LGA, headquartered at Ojongbodu.
The Lion - symbolises the fearless nature of the Oyos
The Tortoise (Ajapa) - the royal pet, symbolises longetivity and reselience
The Bata or Sango drum - is associated with Sango, the deified 3rd Alaafin of Oyo who is worshiped as the god of Thunder and Lightning
The Equestrian figure (the warrior on horseback) - symbolises the military expansion of the Oyo Empire through the use of Calvary from the 14th to the 17th century.
According to His Majesty, Alaiyeluwa Oba Dr. Làmídì Oláyíwolá Atanda Adéyemí III , the Old Oyo Empire existed without break for 600 years. That’s quite impressive, you know. Especially when you realize that many of the most popular empires, like the famed British Empire, did not last half of that.