Gum disease results from a buildup of plaque under and among your gum line. Plaque is a sticky film like substance full of bacteria. It can cause a variety of infections that can hurt your gums and bone, leading to tooth decay and gum disease. When the bacteria begin to grow, the gums surrounding the tooth becomes inflamed.
This inflammation if left untreated can cause the gums and supporting bone structure to deteriorate. This can lead to gum recession or even tooth loss. In addition, research has shown that gum disease may be associated with other diseases, such as diabetes and heart disease.
Types of Gum Disease
Plaque buildup can cause gingivitis which causes your gums becoming inflamed, red or swollen. Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease and the damage from it is still reversible.
Periodontitis is also a form of gum disease which affects the bones that hold your teeth together. When untreated, it can damage your bones, gums and tissue connected to your teeth.
The last stage of gum disease is advanced periodontitis. At this stage, the fibers and bone holding your teeth have being irreversible damaged. At this stage, taking a bite can be very painful and the infected tooth may need to be removed.
Gum Disease Prevention
It is however preventable and these are some things you can do to prevent it.
1. Floss Regularly
For proper gum health, ensure you floss a minimum of once every day. This is to help remove food stuck between your teeth and out of reach of your toothbrush. Flossing regularly can go a long way towards healthy teeth and gums
2. Get Your Teeth Cleaned Regularly
Visiting a dentist regularly can help you detect gum disease symptoms early before they snowball into more critical stages. they can thus be treated at an early stage. It can help you get rid of tartar, which is plaque that has hardened, and any plaque you could have missed when brushing or flossing.
3. Know your risk. Age, smoking, diet and genetics can all increase your risk for periodontal disease. If you are at increased risk, be sure to talk with your dental professional.
4. Brush Twice Daily
Brushing regularly can help remove any food trapped between your teeth. Also ensure you scrub your tongue. Use a soft-bristled brush to prevent bleeding from your gums, thus further aggravating your symptoms. Also change toothbrushes every 3-4 months.
5. Use fluoride toothpaste.
Use a toothpaste containing fluoride as it goes a long way towards prevention of gingivitis and other related diseases
6. See a Periodontist. Get an annual comprehensive periodontal evaluation (CPE) from a dental professional. A CPE looks at your teeth, plaque level, gums, bite, bone structure and other risk factors for periodontal disease. Identifying symptoms of gum disease early is another key to protecting your teeth and gums.




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