Horror of pandemics, devastating natural disasters, loss of biodiversity, desertification, senseless arm conflicts, and air, water and marine pollution continue to rob millions of people a decent life in developing countries. Sadly, more than 2.5 billion people lack improved sanitation facilities, of which one billion continue to practice open defecation, and an estimated 1.2 billion people subsist on under $1 per day. Young men and women, (some with children) in their efforts to escape the undignified life risks their lives to cross sharks and crocodiles infested ocean and waters in rickety boats in search of decent life oversea.
It is estimated that over 20,000 people risked their lives in sea crossings in the Indian Ocean in the first half of this year; about 40,000 asylum seekers arrived in Italy, from North Africa in 2013 through the sea. There is no accurate record of deaths in the process. However, in October 2013, 366 migrants died off the coast of Lampedusa, trying to enter Italy. Thereafter, European Commission set up Eurosur, a surveillance operation aimed at reacting more quickly to boats in distress. This was strengthened by the Italian search and rescue operation Mare Nostrum, which has so far rescued 30,000 people from the sea at a cost of more than €9m (£7.3m) a month.
Gladly, global community is determined to build a humane and caring society. Through development assistance, it contributes to improving access to essential services and economic growth in developing countries. Consequently, about 700 million fewer people lived in conditions of extreme poverty in 2010 than in 1990. Between 2000 and 2011, the number of children out of school declined from 102 million to 57 million. Child mortality rates fell from 103 deaths per 1,000 live births a year to 88. Life expectancy rose from 63 years to nearly 65 years. An additional 8 percent of the developing world’s people received access to water; and an additional 15 percent acquired access to improved sanitation services”.
However, as the number and scope of these global challenges grow, so have the number of development assistance actors and resources involved grown. With multi-billion dollar contributions to multinational development assistance industry, its’ limited success in addressing the global development challenges call to question, its ability to meet its objectives- ensuring that everyone has adequate nutrition, basic health, education and housing as well as the information and freedom from discrimination that enable them to take part in society.
Huge administrative overhead costs, complex and bureaucratic meetings, exorbitant consulting fees and sometimes very few concrete results, are some of the problems of effective aid delivery. Consequently, debates and dialogue on aids effectiveness dominated stakeholders meetings and conferences in the last decade. Perhaps, as the target date for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approaches, a new framework for development assistance is urgently needed to replace them.